Viktor Vijay contemporary Indian artist hosts on Modern contemporary art of India
“If I had to choose between an erudite Aristotle and an unknown 'soulless' black slave I would choose the latter. ..
"we are not what we appear but what appears from us." A new way to look at Indian and global art.
Life is beautiful for we have a sense of beauty.
Sunday, January 29, 2012
Great Art of Tamils: Stucco sculptures
Siva Natraja Temple gopuram Chidambram
India is a vast land inhabited with flourishing human culture from earliest times of human civilization. It evolved a unique amalgam of religions,social and cultural space that we call Indian. Since it is a vast and more varied land India has remarkable differences in the art and culture in different parts. The influence of Aryan Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism provided a new composite culture in art specially temple art. The highly imaginative Tamil artists excelled in every form of expression--sculptures in stone, bronze, wood, murals and paintings, architecture and stucco art. Though stucco has a long history in India and it flourished during Gandhara period it is in Tamil temples it acquired new heights of creative expression. The new architectural ideas of Pallavas that led to monumental gopurams in Chola period became the space on which to create massive narratives of stucco sculptures. Tamil stucco is created in stages. The gopuram stucco sculptures are in first stage made with bricks. Next with a mortar of sand and lime is applied to the structure. In the last stage fine mixture of ground marble powder is applied and details of the sculpture are created. The sculptures are painted when the surface is dry. Most sculptures are painted in very vivid colours but some temples have a tradition of painting in simple cream white colour. When you appreciate the artistic beauty of a Pallava, Chola, Pandya and Chera temple you find art at every step, every nook every corner. The lower part of gopurams generally have stone sculpture and higher up are very colourful stucco sculptures in great numbers.
thus Tamil temples had stone, bronze, stucco sculptures, metal reliefs, murals and wood carvings.